Fire Testing Systems

Instrumentation and Methods for Investigating the Fire Behaviour of Products and Materials

Preventive fire protection serves to safeguard life and limb, the environment, and public safety. It involves regulations designed to prevent the development and spread of fire so that fire hazards do not occur in the first place. Therefore, devices and systems for testing the fire behaviour of products have been increasing in importance in recent times.

For reasons of safety and in accordance with legal regulations, it is essential that products and materials are as flame-retardant as possible. At the same time, it is equally important that a product generates as little smoke and heat as possible in the event that it does ignite. This can help save lives.

The main issues which should be taken into consideration in product development are:

  • Compliance with local, state, national, and international product standards
  • Producing low-flammability products
  • Preventing product from igniting quickly and burning rapidly
  • Knowing how flammable products behave
  • Generating the least amount of smoke possible

The reaction to fire, especially the flame spread and flaming droplets, smoke density, insulation integrity, and the formation of corrosive gases on the impact of flames/fire on electrical, control, and data cables are the basis of fire tests in the field of products of the electrical industry.

Textile Products, such as upholstery fabrics, curtains and drapes, decorative materials, floor coverings, and protective clothing are primarily tested and classified for flammability, reaction to fire, and dripping behaviour.

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